College-wide Navigational Links | Go to Local Navigational Links
Local Navigational Links | Go to Main Content
Main Content | Go to Searching Tools

Entomology: UGA Honey Bee Program: Bees, Beekeeping, and Pollination

Pollination: Plants for Year-round Bee Forage

This is an incomplete list of both wild and commercially-available plants that are important sources of pollen and nectar for bees in the South. It is important for bees, especially bumble bees, to have an unbroken succession of bloom all summer to build up their local populations. If you want to encourage bee populations, grow or encourage plants from this list so that bloom is more-or-less continuous on your property.

Bloom Season

Common Name

Type

Scientific Name

Availability

References

Feb

Red Maple

tree

Acer rubrum

Feral

Delaplane 1991; Goltz 1987c; H. York, Jesup, Georgia, pers. obs.

Feb-Mar

Redbud

tree

Cercis canadensis

Feral

Goltz 1987c; Cane 1993

Titi

shrub

Cyrilla racemiflora

Feral, coastal plain

Delaplane 1991; Goltz 1987b; H. York, pers. obs.

Mar

Native Blueberry

shrub

Vaccinium elliottii

Feral

Mitchell 1962; Cane 1993

Mar-Apr

Canola

ann.

Brassica napus

Commercial oilseed

K.S. Delaplane, pers. obs.

Henbit

per. herb

Lamium amplexicaule

Feral

Cane 1993

Jessamine

shrub

Gelsemium sempervirens

Feral

Cane 1993

Apr

Tupelo

tree

Nyssa sylvatica

Feral, coastal plain river bottoms

Delaplane 1991

Apr-May

Apple

tree

Malus spp.

Commercial, feral

Mitchell 1962; K.S. Delaplane, pers. obs.

Black Locust

tree

Robinia
pseudoacacia

Feral, piedmont and upper south

Mitchell 1962; Delaplane 1991; Goltz 1987a

Blackberry

shrub

Rubus argutus

Feral, esp. in piedmont

Mitchell 1962; Goltz 1987b; B. Engle, The Rock, Georgia & K.S. Delaplane, pers. obs.

Common Ajuga

per. herb

Ajuga reptans

Commercial ornamental

P.A. Thomas, pers. obs.

Crimson Clover

ann.

Trifolium incarnatum

Commercial forage

Mitchell 1962; K.S. Delaplane, pers. obs.

Dutch Clover

per.

Trifolium repens

Commercial, feral

Mitchell 1962; K.S. Delaplane, pers. obs.

Red Clover

per.

Trifolium pratense

Commercial forage

Mitchell 1962; K.S. Delaplane, pers. obs.

Skip Laurel

shrub

Prunus laurocerasus, var. 'Schipkaensis'

Commercial ornamental

K.S. Delaplane, pers. obs.

Tulip Poplar

tree

Liriodendron tulipifera

Feral

Delaplane 1991; Goltz 1987c

May

Gallberry

shrub

Ilex glabra

Feral, coastal plain

Delaplane 1991; Goltz 1987b; H. York, pers. obs.

Honeysuckle

shrub

Lonicera fragrantis-sima

Feral

P.A. Thomas, pers. obs.

Privet

shrub

Ligustrum sinense

Feral, esp. in piedmont

B. Engle & K.S. Delaplane, pers. obs.

Rhododendron

shrub/tree

Rhododendron catawbiense

Feral, esp. in mountains, commercial ornamental

Mitchell 1962; K.S. Delaplane, pers. obs.

May-Jun

Cabbage Palmetto

per.

Sabal palmetto

Feral, coastal plain

Delaplane 1991; Goltz 1987c

Persimmon

shrub/tree

Diospyros virginiana

Feral

B. Engle & K.S. Delaplane, pers. obs.

Tallow Tree

tree

Sapium sebifrum

Commercial ornamental

Goltz 1987c

Jun

Heavenly Bamboo

shrub

Nandina domestica

Commercial ornamental

G.W. Krewer, Univ. Georgia, pers. obs.

Jun-Jul

Bee Balm

per.

Monarda didyma

Commercial ornamental, feral

Mitchell 1962; Goltz 1987d; P.A. Thomas, pers. obs.

Chaste Tree

shrub/tree

Vitex agnus-castus

Commercial ornamental

G.W. Krewer & P.A. Thomas, pers. obs.

Sourwood

tree

Oxydendrum arboreum

Feral, esp. in mountains

Delaplane 1991; Goltz 1987c

Sumac

shrub/tree

Rhus copallina

Feral, piedmont and upper south

Goltz 1987b; K.S. Delaplane, pers. obs.

Sunflower

ann. or per.

Helianthus spp.

Commercial ornamental and oilseed

Mitchell 1962; W.J. McLaurin, pers. obs.

Jun-Aug

Brazilian Verbena

ann. or per.

Verbena bonariensis

Commercial ornamental

Mitchell 1962; S. Scarborough, Baxley, Georgia, & P.A. Thomas, pers. obs.

Butterfly Bush

shrub

Buddleia davidii

Commercial ornamental

P.A. Thomas, pers. obs.

Crapemyrtle

shrub/tree

Lagerstroemia indica, var. 'Natchez'

Commercial ornamental

G.W. Krewer, pers. obs.

Glossy Abelia

shrub

Abelia grandiflora

Commercial ornamental

Mitchell 1962; S. Scarborough & P.A. Thomas, pers. obs.

Mountain Mint

per. herb

Pycnanthemum incanum

Commercial ornamental

P.A. Thomas, pers. obs.

Purple
Coneflower

per. herb

Echinacea purpurea

Commercial ornamental

P.A. Thomas, pers. obs.

Summer Phlox

per. herb

Phlox paniculata

Commercial ornamental

P.A. Thomas, pers. obs.

Wood Mint

per. herb

Blephilia spp.

Feral

Mitchell 1962

Jun-Sep

Sweet
Pepperbush

shrub

Clethra alnifolia

Feral, coastal plain

D. Wade, Alma, Georgia & G.W. Krewer, pers. obs.

Jul

Buttonbush

shrub/tree

Cephalanthus occidentalis

Feral

Mitchell 1962; Goltz 1987b

Jul-Sep

American Germander

per. herb

Teucrium canadense

Feral

Mitchell 1962

Cup Rosinweed

per. herb

Silphium perfoliatum

Feral

Mitchell 1962

Milkweed

per. herb

Asclepias spp.

Feral

Mitchell 1962; Goltz 1986a

Partridge Pea

ann. herb

Cassia fasciculata

Feral

Mitchell 1962; Cane 1993

Redroot

per. herb

Lachnanthes caroliana

Feral, wetlands

G.W. Krewer, pers. obs.

Aug

Meadow Beauty

per. herb

Rhexia spp.

Feral

D. Wade, pers. obs.

Aug-Sep

Bush Clovers

shrub

Lespedeza bicolor and L. thunbergii

Commercial ornamental and forage

Cane 1993

Aug-Oct

Brazilian Pepper

shrub

Schinus terebinth-ifolius

Feral

Goltz 1987b

Mexican Sage

per. herb

Salvia leucantha

Commercial ornamental

C. Reed, Douglas, Georgia & P.A. Thomas, pers. obs.

Mexican Sunflower

ann.

Tithonia rotundifolia

Commercial ornamental

P.A. Thomas, pers. obs.

Pineapple Sage

ann. or per.

Salvia elegans

Commercial ornamental

P.A. Thomas, pers. obs.

Thoroughwort

per. herb

Eupatorium hyssopifolium

Feral

Mitchell 1962

Aug-Nov

Asters

per. herb

Aster spp.

Feral

Mitchell 1962; Goltz 1986c; B. Engle & P.A. Thomas, pers. obs.

Colorado River Hemp

shrub

Sesbania exaltata

Commercial, feral

G.W. Krewer, pers. obs.

Sep-Oct

Goldenrod

per. herb

Solidago spp.

Feral

Mitchell 1962; Delaplane 1991; Goltz 1986b

Kenaf

ann.

Hibiscus cannabinus

Commercial fiber

B. Baldwin, Miss. State Univ., pers. obs.


Top
Searching Tools | Go to Footer Information
Footer Information | Go to College-Wide Navigational Links
University of Georgia (UGA) College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences (CAES)