June 20, 1996 Volume 18, no. 6
The importance of usage information
A scorpion venom gene with a baculovirus
Reregistration Eligibility Documents (REDs) for ten pesticides that inhibit cholinesterase
Senate Holds Hearing on FIFRA/Delaney Reform
Estrogen mimics and endocrine disruptors
Heat stress poster
Pesticide registrants allowed to self-certify acute toxicity data
Pesticide data from EPA points to record use levels in 1994 and 1995
Serious flaws reported with the EPA data and NRDC's press release
Plans to make the requirement for reporting adverse effects more stringent
Approximately 20,000 products have been canceled since 1988
EPA will not cancel three metam-sodium products
EPA has denied a request to immediately suspend the sale and use of propargite
EPA's goal for REDs in 1996
Supported uses of naled during reregistration
PLOWING THE INTERNET
'Partnerships in Preventing Pollution'
Congressional Research Service
EPA's 'Chemicals in Progress'
Destinations and consequences of U.S. pesticide exports
California's extensive database for products
Wright's PestLaw: provides information about regulatory information and other resources
AROUND THE HOME
ON THE ROAD
Within the next six months, many of you will receive pesticide use surveys from my office. I know how busy everyone is these days, but the information from these surveys can be critical for preserving pesticide registrations.
I learned the importance of usage information while I worked for EPA. The law requires EPA to consider both risks and benefits when pesticide decisions are made. However, EPA does not have to wait for benefits information to be collected, and the circumstances frequently dictate a quick decision. Decisions are often made based on the information that is readily available. If information concerning the benefits of a pesticide are not available, EPA typically assumes that there are few or no benefits gained from that pesticide. Under those circumstances, the decision is simply based on the risks. The outcome rarely favors agriculture.
It is imperative that agriculture collect information that can be used to demonstrate the benefits of pesticides. The National Agricultural Pesticide Impact Assessment Program of the USDA is specifically designed to collect data on pesticide usage. I have been given a grant for the sole purpose of collecting information about pesticide usage in Georgia. I will gladly prepare the survey questions and analyze the data when they are returned, but only the growers can provide the critical information on pesticide use and importance.
If you receive a pesticide survey, please take the time to complete and return it. The surveys will as brief as possible, and I will not try to deliver them during your peak seasons of activity. Thank you in advance for your cooperation.
County agents. An upcoming brochure about pesticide container recycling will refer applicators to the county office for information about where containers should be delivered. If your county wants to start a recycling program, the Georgia Department of Agric. will be glad to assist you. Contact Bryan Tolar at 404-656-4958.
Finally, don't look for a newsletter next month. The Olympics will be a major disruption in our work schedule. We will continue to meet our obligations to you as best we can, but some things (like publishing newsletters) will not be feasible. Look for us again in August!
Favorable reports have been received for cotton with Bacillus thuringiensis genes. Some growers, however, think that is unnecessary to scout fields of B.t. cotton. They could be making a serious mistake. The proteins expressed by B.t. cotton only control a narrow range of pests. Other problems could go undetected until substantial losses occur. Our cotton specialists recommend conventional scouting for B.t. cotton until we know how this new technology fits into the overall IPM strategy.
Monsanto Co. has seven potato lines cleared by APHIS. Two Superior potato lines and five Atlantic lines are longer regulated articles under APHIS rules for genetically engineered organisms. If you want more information, call James Lackey, 301-734-7612.
DuPont is taking its new scorpion-loaded virus on the road. This material combines a scorpion venom gene with a baculovirus (Autographa californica). DuPont has petitioned EPA to test the virus in 1996 against cabbage looper, cotton bollworm, tobacco budworm, beet armyworm, and diamondback moth. The test sites include Arizona, Georgia, Illinois, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, and Texas.
An Experimental Use Permit has been issued for Liberty herbicide (flufosinate-ammonium). Why is this biotech news? It will be tested on Liberty-Link corn and soybeans, genetically engineered to be tolerant of Liberty. Liberty is a broad spectrum material that is expected to compete with the triazine herbicides.
Indiana growers have petitioned EPA for an early-entry exception for chlorothalonil applied to muskmelons. Indiana reports that melons need to be harvested before the 48-hour REI expires. The growers seem to have a pretty good case, but EPA has been very reluctant to grant exceptions. We will keep you informed about the resolution of this case; other producers may need exceptions during critical parts of the growing season. If you wish to comment, write to EPA.
Public Response and Program Resources Branch
401 M. St., SW
Washington, DC 20460
If you ever want to file for a WPS exception, give me a call. I will be glad to help you through the process.
On a related topic, the early-entry exception that had been granted to the rose industry expired on June 10. This industry should comply fully with WPS early-entry requirements unless an extension or other exception is granted. There has been no petition for an extension.
October is the deadline for selling pesticides that were relabeled with stickers to comply with WPS requirements (PR Notice 95-5). Extensions may be made if a registrant/distributor faces serious economic consequences and can demonstrate that they have made a strong effort to sell out stickered product. If you need an extension, your request must be made by July 24, 1996.
The EPA is expecting to release Reregistration Eligibility Documents (REDs) for ten pesticides that inhibit cholinesterase. REDs establish what steps (if any) are required to maintain pesticide registrations. This group of REDs is being watched very closely because they will affect a group of pesticides widely used by agricultural producers and pest control operators. See if you recognize any of these pesticides.
According to the Southern Crop Protection Assoc., five or six of the chemicals that have been reviewed exceed acute risk criteria for applicators and farm workers. As reviews continue, it is expected that others will cause similar concerns. That is no surprise; you can pick some dangerous chemicals out of this bunch. On the other hand, many of these pesticides are critical components of many production systems.
This development does not mean that any of these pesticides will be canceled. However, steps to reduce the acute risk criteria will be required to keep these chemicals on the market. The American Crop Protection Association is working with the registrants of these pesticides to develop generic Best Management Practices (BMPs) that will reduce exposure to an acceptable level. They hope to develop BMPs that are appropriate for all carbamate and organophosphate pesticides.
If you are a Georgia tobacco grower waiting to hear if you can use dimethomorph (Acrobat) to control blue mold, you should hear something about the Section 18 request by July 9.
Senate Holds Hearing on FIFRA/Delaney Reform
On June 12th, the Senate Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and
Forestry heard testimony concerning bill that may replace the Delaney clause. In addition to Delaney reform, the bill includes directives to better protect children from pesticides, promote IPM, provide pesticides for minor crops, and change the way some EPA analyses are conducted.
Dr. Lynn Goldman, EPA assistant administrator, raised some important objection to the bill. 'Negligible risks' is not well defined. The bill includes a provision for 'indirect benefits' of pesticides but is unclear on how these benefits are defined. Stronger provisions are needed to protect children.
Here is the bottom line. Don't hold your breath for a quick resolution to the Delaney dilemma. The House bill reportedly has a better chance than this Senate bill, and it is still tied up in Committee. And don't forget about the Presidential election; President Clinton will not let Bob Dole hit him over the head with a bill that allows carcinogens in food, regardless of negligible risk.
In the last couple of issues, we talked about pesticides as estrogen mimics and endocrine disruptors. The results of a new study (Science, 6-7-96) will increase concerns. Dr. John McLachlan et al. investigated four pesticides (chlordane, dieldrin, endosulfan, and toxaphene) that are known to have estrogenic effects. They found that exposure to these chemicals individually was unlikely to affect human endocrine systems. A combination of endosulfan and dieldrin was from 160 to 1600 times more active; adding toxaphene to the mix increased potency up to 200 times.
These experiments were conducted in vitro with estrogen receptors, and the results may vary in whole animal systems. Nevertheless, this study is the most dramatic example of low dose synergy that may affect human and environmental health. It also raises serious policy questions. There are about 50 chemicals that have been identified as potential endocrine disruptors. Just testing combinations of five or fewer chemicals would require millions of tests.
Of these pesticides used in this test, only endosulfan is widely used in the U.S. Unfortunately, chlordane, dieldrin, and toxaphene can persist in the environment for many years after application. Other organochlorine pesticides that may have endocrine effects include dicofol, methoxychlor, lindane, and dienochlor.
In related news, the House passed funding that would require EPA to report annually on the public risk from endocrine-disrupting chemicals. There is no date scheduled for the Senate to consider the action.
'Environmental Health Perspectives' published a report in their April issue that associated pesticide use with birth defects. According to Vincent Garry (U.Minn.), the rate of birth defects in Minnesota is significantly higher statistically for children born to private ag. pesticide applicators. They also report a link between defects and babies born in regions of high chlorophenoxy herbicide/fungicide use or babies conceived in Spring.
The UN FAO estimates that there are more than 200 million pounds of unused pesticides stockpiled in developing nations, with more than 20% in Africa. Most of the pesticides were provided by foreign aid programs and never used. More than 40% of the pesticides shipped to Africa in 1993-4 are estimated to be unused.
The pesticides are potentially an important environmental and human health threat. Some of the pesticides are over 30 years old, and many of them are stored in unsafe or deteriorating facilities. The best method of disposal, high temperature incineration, is not available to many of the countries with unwanted pesticides.
On a more positive note, Food Chemical News (4-29-96) reports a Dutch study that shows eating onions daily will cut your risk of stomach cancer in half, relative to people who eat no onions. According to the Dutch data, the more onions you eat, the lower your risk becomes. Consuming onions did not seem to affect lung, breast, colon, or rectal cancer risks. Unfortunately, eating onions every day can also reduce your chances of being kissed. My first-grade son may see that as an additional advantage, but many of us older 'boys' (and girls) do not.
The American Assoc. for Cancer Research reports that increasing your intake of cruciferous vegetables will also reduce cancer risks. (Food Chemical News, 4-29-96)
These results ensure that another generation of children will sit down to dinner each night with the parents' litany of 'Eat your vegetables. They're good for you'. Well, now we parents can prove it.
The news about cancer rates is mixed. From 1950 to 1987, cancer mortality (excluding lung cancer) has decreased, and survival has improved. However, the apparent incidence of cancer has increased, partly because of better detection, longer lives, and our diets. Some of the causes remain unknown. To minimize your risk, 1) don't smoke or drink to excess, 2) protect yourself from the sun, 3) wear that protective equipment, 4) eat plenty of fruits and vegetables, and 5) see your doctor regularly. (American Cancer Society data, 1987)
You can get a poster that advises you about heat stress from EPA/OSHA. Better not get these two together; the next regulation may require the sun to be extinguished. Copies of the poster (document number 055-000-00544-3) are $1.25 each (cheaper for bulk orders); the Guide (document number 055-000=00474-9) is $3.50. The guide has some helpful information. The poster is a summary of the book. Both are available from the U.S. Government Printing Office (202-512-1800).
According to the Chemical Regulation Reporter (June 7), a jury in Rhode Island awarded $1.2 million to a man after finding that his bone marrow cancer was caused by exposure to 2,4,5 T about 25 years ago. The man was not exposed to 'Agent Orange' (a mix of 2,4,5 T and 2,4 D) but to a commercial defoliant, Esterone 2,4,5. Dow Chemical is likely to challenge the verdict.
Aspire, a new biofungicide for controlling pos-harvest rot on pomes is being marketed by Ecogen and Decco (Elf-Atochem). Call them for information 215-757-1590 or 818-358-1838.
The Georgia Dept. of Agriculture has issued two new Special Local Need labels. One if for the use of Imidan 70-WSB and Imidan 70 WP to control sweet potato weevil in plant beds and fields. The second label permits application of Dithane DF to control blue mold in plant beds and in the field.
Telone II soil Fumigant has a new 2(ee) label to allow use on peanuts to control nematodes. (FDACS Communication, 4-17-96)
Trigard (cyromazine) has new supplemental labeling that will allow application on tomato, leafy vegetables (except Brassica), peppers, cucurbits, Chinese mustard, and Chinese cabbage to control leafminers. (Ciba Tech. Release, 4-26-96 via Fla.'s Chemically Speaking)
Researchers have discovered a bacterium, Klebsiella terragena, that degrades pesticides into harmless components. With further development, it may be valuable for treating pesticide rinse water. K. terragena reportedly works well on atrazine, cyanazine, and simazine. (from Conservation Impact 11-95 via Arizona Access-Pesticides)
USDA-ARS scientists have discovered two bacteria that may be effective seed treatments against damping off. These microbes compete with damping-off fungi for space and nutrients in the root zone. In early experiments, 90% of the seeds treated with the bacteria grew vigorously; most untreated plants did not survive.
A biopesticide, SoilGard, that uses a similar strategy has been commercialized for greenhouse use. USDA developed the technology to use a fungus, Gliocladium virens, as a soil treatment to prevent damping off caused by Pythium and Rhizoctonia. SoilGard was then registered and marketed by GRACE biopesticides. SoilGard is called a potential alternative for some uses of methyl bromide.
The ARS has also received a patent for an inserted gene that helps plants mount a stronger defense when under attack by insects. The gene codes for cytokinin, a multipurpose hormone in plants. Unlike conventional gene inserts, the gene for cytokinin is only turned on when the plant is attacked, thanks to a wound-inducible promoter that turns the cytokinin gene on when it is needed. So far, the cytokinin-enhanced plants have been active against green peach aphid and tomato hornworm. The gene has been inserted into tomato and tobacco; researchers also plan to put the gene in sugar beets, soybeans, strawberries, and other plants.
Bollworms have certainly caused plenty of ulcers among cotton growers, but revenge may be at hand. Chinese researchers are reporting a new species of cotton that kills bollworms by giving them stomach ulcers. The new cotton was creating by inserting a gene from a bacteria. (Courtesy of Chemically Speaking 6-96)
All metalaxyl fungicides from Ciba are being canceled. The cancellation requested by Ciba will make room for their new material, mefenoxam. Mefenoxam is one of the mirror image components of metalaxyl and will carry labeling similar to metalaxyl. Mefenoxam will control the same pests as metalaxyl at one half the rate. Metalaxyl products can be sold by Ciba through 1998. Distibutors, dealers, and growers can sell or use the product until it is exhausted. Ciba expects no interruption of service or shortages as mefenoxam replaces metalaxyl.
A complete system utilizing biological agents to control unwanted hardwood tree species in managed forests has been developed by Canada's Pacific Forestry Centre (PFC). The applicator uses a hand held tool to perforate a tree trunk and insert one or more pellets impregnated with a pathogenic fungus. The operation is reported to be labor intensive but cost-effective in some situations (e.g., high value coniferous forests or where public concern rules out other control methods). For more information contact: Pacific Forestry Centre at 1-604-363-0600.
Consep Inc. has to a medfly trap developed by USDA. The system uses a
synthetic blend of attractants and colors to attract both male and female flies. The attractants are supposed to last for six months. Call 1-503-388-3688 for more info.
Lactofen: snap beans
Clomazone: snap beans
Allyl isothicyanate (as a component of food grade oil of mustard): all raw agricultural commodities.
Sodium salt of Acifluorfen: strawberry
Quizalofop ethyl: cottonseed, lentils
Feoxaprop-ethyl: wheat (grain and straw) and fat/meat/meat by-products of cattle, goae, hog, horse, sheep. Expires November 1, 1997.
Quizalofop ethyl: legume foliage (except soybean), legume vegetables group (fresh or dried), sugarbeet (root and top). Expires June 14, 1999.
Prosulfuron: cereal grains (grain, fodder, and straw), corn (forage, fodder, grain, and fresh, incl. sweet corn), meat/fat/byproducts of cattle, goat, hog, horse, and sheep, and milk. Expires Dec. 31, 1999.
Propylene oxide: almond, Brazil nut, filbert, pecan, pistachio, and walnut. Expires May 20, 1998.
Metolachlor: grass, except Bermudagrass (forage, fodder, and hay) and pepper. Expires Dec. 31, 1998.
Flavobacterium balustinum strain 299: exempt from tolerance on broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, cucumber, eggplant, lettuce, cantaloupe, pepper, tomato, and watermelon.
Oxo-alkyl acetates: exempt from tolerance when used as a solvent in pesticide formulations.
Want to save money? Be a stickler about calibrating your spray equipment. Let's suppose you spray 200 acres at $20 of product per acre. Applying 5% too much will waste $200 every time you treat those 200 acres, and the crop may be injured. Spraying 5% too litle may save you a little in pesticide costs, but you are unlikely to get the control you need. Follow these steps to maximize the return on your spray dollars.
1) Thoroughly clean/lubricate/etc. your equipment.
2) Be sure all hoses, pumps, screens, nozzles, and other components are in good condition. It is a good idea to invest in new nozzles and screens each year to ensure uniform coverage.
2) Calibrate with plain water.
3) If you know how much area your tank should cover at the desired rate, you can easily check your calibration each time you spray.
The EPA is planning to allow pesticide registrants to self-certify acute toxicity data for lower toxicity pesticides (Category III and IV). The agency will conduct periodic audits to make sure registratnts are in compliance. Comments are due July 23. Refer to docket no. OPP-00426.
Public Docket and FOI Section
401 M. St., SW
Washington, DC 20460
Pesticide data from EPA points to record use levels in 1994 and 1995, according to the National Resources Defense Council (NRDC). The NRDC and U.S. Public Interest Group reported that pesticide usage each of the last two years was approximately 1.2 billion pounds of active ingredient. About 60% of the total was herbicides, 25% insecticides, 13% fungicides, and the remainer undefined. Offered explanations for the increased use include pest resistance, more advertising, increased acreage, greater acceptanc of pesticides, and unusually severe pest problems. In 1964, the U.S. used a reported 540 million pounds of pesticides. Now, for the rest of the story.
Leonard P. Gianessi is a Senior Research Associate at the National Center for Food and Agricultural Policy, a Washington think-tank that examines pesticide use and policies. Gianessi reports serious flaws with the EPA data and NRDC's press release. Here is the summary of the Gianessi report.
'Further analysis brings to light serious doubts about the accuracy of the pesticide use data released by the EPA. The data are preliminary and were improperly released from the EPA without adequate review. The NRDC should have readily acknowledged the weakness of the data and sought other sources of data to determine the validity of the EPA estimates. Finally, private industry should understand the
importance of insuring that the government and the public are well informed. This incident should serve as a lessen to all the parties involved. Accurate, comprehensive, publicly available pesticide use data is needed in order to make informed and fair public policy decisions.'
The EPA is planning to make the requirement for reporting adverse effects more stringent. Section 6(a)(2) mandates that pesticide registrants report to EPA if any adverse effects occur related to their products. Once this rule is approved, registrants would have to report any incidents related to the pesticide, any inerts or contaminants, single exposures, and efficacy data for non-residential uses. Reporting would continue for three years after the cancellation of any product. Penalties could include monetary fines and product cancellation for repeat offenders. (Pesticide & Toxic Chemical News 5-29-96)
In l988, approximately 600 groups of related pesticide active ingredients or cases representing 45,000 formulated products needed to be reregistered. Approximately 20,000 products have been canceled because producers failed to provide the necessary data to support them or EPA has taken regulatory action to cancel them.
These products are being cancelled at the request of the registrant.
Switzer Emulsion Bowl Cleaner & Disinfectant
Pinky Emulsion Bowl & Porcelain cleaner Disinfectanct
Oxamyl 10% Granular Ag
D-Trans Intermediate 1818
Chemscope 500 Diazinon Residual Spray
BPR Liquid Base
BPR Dust Base
Rotenone 5% Emulsifiable Insecticide
Pet Spray Concentrate
Patio & Outdoor Special Concentrate Code 845.01
Plant Spray P.R. Concentrate Insecticide
Pyrenone Sevin S.E.C.
Butacide Sevin S.E.C.
Gustafson Apron + Captan - Fungicide Seed Protectant
Nyco Wintergreen Disinfectant & Deodorant
Riverside 50% Sevin Concentrate Dust
Riverside 5% Garden Dust
Markopine Pine Oil Disinfectant Coef.5
Disinfectant Spray "H"
EPCO Thrchlorofon Pouron Cattle Insect.
Aidex Butyl-4E Weed Killer
Economy Swimming Pool Algaicide Containing Hyamine 3500
Tri-Excel DS Natur-Gro Triple Plus
Green Turf Weeder 60 Plus
Green Turf Weeder 75 Plus
Dagger Man. Concentrate
B&G Ban-Bug D
Black Flag Flying Insect Killer
Black Flag House and Garden Insect Killer
These products will be cancelled 90 days after May 22, 1996 unless the request is withdrawn by the registrant. If you wish to retain any of these pesticide registrations, contact the registrant directly. Their address will be on the product label. Stocks that have been packaged, labeled, and released for shipment prior to the cancellation date may be distibuted, sold, and used legally until supplies are exhausted.
The following products will have some uses deleted at the request of the registrant.
Product: deleted site(s)
Ortho Methoxychlor 70: ornamental & veg. uses
Kelthane Technical Agric. Miticide: residential home lawns
Terraclor Super-X 20-5 Dust w. Graphite: sugar beet
Garden & Pet Dust: all home garden use
Dibrom 8EC: soybean, cucumber, turnip greens, winter squash, rice, tobacco, pumpkin, tomato (field)
Registrants may sell or distibute product under current labeling for 18 months. End users may use product as labeled until exhausted.
The EPA proposes to cancel food tolerances for 13 pesticides. Don't get too excited. There are no registrations associated with the food uses of the pesticides. The registrations were canceled for nonpayment of maintenance fees or by company request. Here is a list of the affected chemicals.
basic zinc sulfate
If you want more information, call Owen Bender, EPA, at 703-308-8351.
Comments are due by July 29, 1996. Submit written comments.
Public Response and Program Resources Branch
U..S. EPA, 401 M. St.
SW, Washington DC 20460
Other revoked tolerances: crops
maleic hydrazide: cranberries
oryzalin: cottonseed, barley grain, wheat grain, peas, potatoes, and soybeans; and hexazinone on eggs, poultry (fat, mbyp, meat), and pineapple (fodder, forage). These
tolerances are considered unnecessary or the uses causing these residues
were canceled in 1991 or earlier.
Back from the brink. The EPA will not cancel three metam-sodium products, Vaporooter, A Foaming Fumigant, Foam coat Vaporooter, and Sanafoam Vaporooter. These products were to be cancelled because the company had not complied with an EPA directive to reclassify them as restricted-use products.
The EPA has denied a request from the National Coalition Against Misuse of Pesticide to immediately suspend sale and use of propagite on apple, fig, peach, and pear. The EPA feels that cancellation of the ten sites requested by Uniroyal has reduced risks to an acceptable level. (Pesticide & Toxic Chemical News, 5-8-96)
Most of the following REDs (Reregisration Eligibility Documents) from 1995 are available. If you want a copy, look on the web at fedworld.gov or give EPA a call at 703-305-5805.
Methyl nonyl ketone
This list is EPA's goal for REDs in 1996. Most of the data has been submitted, but EPA expects to issue REDs for only of the pesticides on this list. This year should be interesting. Some important pesticides will be reviewed in '96.
Colletotrichum gloesproioides spores
Hydroxyethyl octyl sulfide
We notified you that all food uses for rotenone were being cancelled. EPA has extended the data-call-in for possible reregistration via third party data. If you would like to keep rotenone around for ag. uses, call Mike Novak (703-548-7700).
Valent U.S.A. Corp. has reached a decision about which registered uses of naled it will defend during reregistration, those to be supported in cooperation with IR-4, and those left unsupported. Naled products that are currently labeled for unsupported sites may be used according to the label until supplies are exhausted.
SUPPORTED USES EXPECTED TO BE REREGISTERED:
Supported by Valent: ALFALFA (seed), ALMONDS (dormant), BARNS, BEANS (DRY, LIMA, GREEN) (except COWPEAS), BROCCOLI, BRUSSELS SPROUTS, CABBAGE, CHINESE CABBAGE, CAULIFLOWER, CIDER MILLS, COLLARDS, CORRALS, COTTON, CULL PILES, EGGPLANTS, FEED LOTS, GRAPES, GRAPEFRUIT, KALE, LAWNS, LEMONS, mosquito and fly control, MELONS, ORANGES, ORNAMENTALS (including greenhouse uses), PASTURES, PEAS (not feed or forage), PEACHES (dormant), PENS (HOLDING), PEPPERS, RANGELAND, SAFFLOWER (CA/AZ), SQUASH (SUMMER), STRAWBERRIES, SUGARBEETS, SWISS CHARD (CA), TANGERINES, and WALNUTS
Supported by IR-4: HOPS
UNSUPPORTED USES LIKELY TO BE CANCELED:
ALFAFA (forage), CELERY (only tolerance supported), COWPEAS, CUCUMBERS,
FOREST TREES, LEGUMES (forage), LETTUCE, MUSHROOMS, PEACHES (in
season), PEANUTS, PEAS(FIELD) (feed or forage), PUMPKINS, QUINCES,
RICE, SOYBEANS, SPINACH (only tolerance supported), SQUASH (WINTER),
TOBACCO, TOMATOES, and TURNIPS
If there are sites that you wish to be supported, contact Valent for more information. Call Dan Fay at 510-256-2770.
PLOWING THE INTERNET
There is a new EPA catalog, 'Partnerships in Preventing Pollution' that describes their 28 voluntary partnership programs. The programs include reducing pesticide risk, conserving water and energy, and other related topics. You can find it on the Web. http://www.epa.gov/partners Or if you like to thumb through your catalogs, request a copy over the phone. 202-260-3372 or 8621. You may not find the perfect gift for Uncle Eb, but you may learn something.
More than 140 environmental reports from the Congressional Research Service are available to the public for the first time. http://www.cnie.org/nle
You can see the EPA's 'Chemicals in Progress' at http://www.epa.gov./docs/ChemLibCIP
The Foundation for Advancement in Science and Education has released a report concerning destinations and consequences of U.S. pesticide exports. You can read it at: http://www.fasenet.org (or call them 213-937-7440)
California has an extensive database for products that have been used in California, including more than 30,000 products, along with their reg. number, formulation, manufacturer, use sites, and target pests. http://www.cdpr.ca.gov/
Use this information carefully. California regulations may not apply in your state.
Pesticide & Toxic Chemical News is launching a series of e-mail discussion groups. The first one will concern biopestcides. If you want to join in, send an e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org. In the body of the message, write SUBSCRIBE PTCN, along with your name. Then you can send your questions/comments to email@example.com
Visit the 'VegEdge' World Wide Web site: http://www.mes.umn.edu/~vegipm/
and, IPM Text: http://www.ent.agri.umn.edu/academics/classes/ipm//
Announcing a new web site containing up-to-date, full-text. Called
Wright's PestLaw(sm), it is maintained by James C. Wright, an attorney in
Washington, D.C., who represents pesticide producers, formulators and
distributors in a wide range of issues.
Wright's PestLaw is a free service that provides information about regulatory information and other resources of interest to crop-protection and antimicrobial companies, pesticide users and other individuals. http://www.pestlaw.com/
AROUND THE HOME
Gardening is more popular than ever, according to Fortune Magazine (5-29-95). The market has increased 60% since 1987, and 1994 sales ($26 billion) broke past records. Americans use gardening as a relief from the stress of modern life, and the health benefits of gadening are becoming well known.
ON THE ROAD
A bill has been introduced to allow vehicles weighing less than 10,000 lbs to carry pesticides without following DOT regulations for transporting hazardous materials. This exemption would reportedly save the industry $135 million annually. (Chem. Reg. Reporter, 3-29-96 via Chemically Speaking)
Representatives of 36 governments agree that there needs to be international action on persistent organic pollutants (POPs). POPs include chemicals that just will not go away; they are often found years and miles from their point of release. This conference placed emphasis on a shortlist of 12 chemicals including dioxins and PCBs, DDT, chlordane, toxaphene, dieldrin, endrin, furans, heptachlor, hexachlorobenzene (HCB), mirex, and toxaphene. This meeting emphasizes the growing international concern for pollutants that cross national boundaries. Phase-outs, bans, and other restrictions on these pollutants is likely.
The appearance of any trade name in this newsletter is not intended to endorse that product nor convey negative implications of unmentioned products.
The Georgia Pest Management Newsletter is a monthly journal for Extension agents, Extension specialists, and others interested in pest management news. It provides information on legislation, regulations, and other issues affecting pest management in Georgia.
Do not regard the information in this newsletter as pest management recommendations. Consult the Georgia Pest Control Handbook, other Extension publications, or appropriate specialists for this information.
Your input in this newsletter is encouraged.
If you wish to be added to the mailing list, report errors, or present your viewpoints in the GPMN, contact us at 706-542-3687 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Paul Guillebeau, Assistant Professor & Extension Entomologist
Formatted by Suzanne Hardee