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Entomology: Personnel

Entomology Faculty

Michael D. Toews (CV)

Associate Professor, Dept. of Entomology
Co-Director of the Center for Invasive Species and         Ecosystem Health
Adjunct Associate Professor, Clemson University
Ph.D., Oklahoma State University, 2001

Contact Information

Address:
UGA Tifton Campus
Department of Entomology
2360 Rainwater Rd
Tifton, GA 31793

Phone: 229-386-3149
Lab Phone: 229-386-3087
Fax: 229-386-3086
Email: mtoews[at]uga.edu

Research Overview

Research programs in the Toews Lab are designed to develop and test ecologically based strategies for sustainable pest management in cotton, corn and soybean.  Many of our studies are conducted with phytophagous stink bugs (Nezara viridula, Euschistus servis, Halyomorpha halys, and Chinavia hilaris), but we also work with thrips, whiteflies, and kudzu bugs.  Current projects integrate elements of insect behavior, sampling, monitoring, population ecology, basic biology, and movement across agricultural landscapes. 

Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health Overview

The Center was founded in 2008 to serve a lead role in the development, consolidation and dissemination of information and programs focused on invasive species, forest health, natural resource and agricultural management through technology development, program implementation, training, applied research and public awareness at the state, regional, national and international levels. Dr. Toews leadership roles include grant writing, student advising, applied research, and developing programmatic content to support agricultural stakeholders. Together with Bugwood staff, he has developed and released smartphone apps and content for invasive species such as the kudzu bug and brown marmorated stink bug. Dr. Toews is currently leading efforts to integrate proper pest thresholds, IPM and insecticide application guidelines into a smartphone app for use by southeastern row crop growers and consultants.

Extension Overview

In addition to extending research findings to support Georgia cotton pest management stakeholders, we are responsible for providing statewide leadership and support in the areas of stored grain pest management and insect management in processing facilities.

Teaching Overview

Dr. Toews is responsible for teaching Insect Ecology (ENTO 8500, co-taught with Dr. Kerry Oliver), and Concepts in IPM (ENTO 8820, co-taught with Drs. David Buntin, and Will Hudson). 

Georgia Pest Management Handbook Contributions

Cotton Insect Control
Soybean Insect Control
Stored Product Insect Management

Lab Personnel

Summer 2016

Post Docs

None at present time

Graduate Student Committees

Nancy Bostick (nbostick@uga.edu) MPPPM at the University of Georgia
Lydia Brown
(lbrown@cals.arizona.edu) M.S. at the University of Arizona
Richard Evans (evans90@uga.edu) M.S. at the University of Georgia
Trey Portier (wportier@uga.edu) M.S. at the University of Georgia
Whitney Hadden (wthadden@uga.edu) M.S. at the University of Georgia
Sarah Hobby (shobby@uga.edu) MPPPM at the University of Georgia
Xing Wei (xingwei@uga.edu) MPPPM at the University of Georgia
Ian Knight (ianak@uga.edu) Ph.D. at the University of Georgia
Brad Hounkpati (khoun75@uga.edu) Ph.D. at University of Georgia

Lab Personnel

Garrett Brown, Student Worker
J. David Griffin, Research Technician III (dlk@uga.edu)
Sarah Hobby, Research Professional I (shobby@uga.edu)
April Rich, Student Worker

Former Lab Members

James Murphy, 2014-2016, M.S. student
Joni Blount, 2012-2016, Ph.D. student
Brian Little, 2012-2014, M.S. student
Jamal Hunter, 2011-2014, student worker
Melissa Thompson, 2013-2014, Research Technician III
Marchan Jackson, 2014, GIFT Teaching Fellow
Ishakh Pulakkatu-thodi, 2010-2014, Ph.D. student/Post Doc
Anne Horak, 2010-2014, Laboratory Technician II
Barry Luke, 2011-2013, Student Worker
Ta-I Huang, 2008-2012, Ph.D. Student

Miguel Ferreira Soria, 2011, Visiting Graduate Student
John Herbert, 2009-2011, Post Doc
Wesley Stephens, 2010-2011, Research Technician III
Breanna Daniel, 2011, Student Worker
Kevin Frizzel, 2010, Student Worker
Jessica Corbett, 2007-2009, Student Worker
Blake Crabtree, 2007-2009, Student Worker
Anna Perrin, 2009, GIFT Teaching Fellow
Alton Hudgins, 2007-2008, Research Technician
Seth Hamer, 2008, Student Worker
Rebecca Luke, 2007, Student Worker

Publications

A. Book Chapters (6 total, 4 at UGA, 4 since 2012)
Toews, M.D., and P.M. Roberts. Stink bugs. In D. Kerns (ed.) Compendium of cotton diseases, pests and disorders. Pp. xxx-xxx. American Phytopathological Society Press, St. Paul, MN (In press).

Greene, J.K., E.P. Benson, J.A. Baum, C.S. Bundy, W.A. Jones, G.G. Kennedy, J.E. McPherson, F.R. Musser, M.D. Toews, and J.F. Walgenbach. General insect management. Pp. xxx-xxx. In J.E. McPherson (ed.), Biology of invasive stink bugs and related species. CRC Press, New York (In press).

Esquivel, J.F., J. Grazia, J. Greene, W.A. Jones, R.M. McPherson, D.L Musolin, W. Rabitsch, C.F. Schwertner, and M.D. Toews. Nezara viridula (L.). Pp. xxx-xxx. In J.E. McPherson (ed.), Biology of invasive stink bugs and related species. CRC Press, New York (In press).

Toews, M.D., and C. Nansen. 2012. Trapping and interpreting captures of stored grain insects. Pp. 243-262. In Hagstrum, D.W, T.W. Phillips, and G. W. Cuperus (eds.). Stored Product Protection, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS.  Available online: http://www.entomology.ksu.edu/p.aspx?tabid=764.

Hutchinson, J.M.S., J.F. Campbell, M.D. Toews, T.J. Vought, Jr., and S.B Ramaswamy. 2011. Designing a local-scale microsimulation of lesser grain borer population dynamics and movements. Pp. 207-232. In S. Clay (ed.) GIS Applications in Agriculture, Volume Three: Invasive Species, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.

Toews, M.D., and Bh. Subramanyam. 2002. Sanitation in grain storage and handling. Pp. 481-497. In Y.H. Hui, B.L. Bruinsma, J.R. Gorham, W. Nip, P.S. Tong, and P. Ventresca (eds.). Food Plant Sanitation. Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York.

B. Peer Reviewed Publications (52 total, 37 at UGA, 18 since 2012)
Asterisks (*) designate manuscripts written by Toews lab students or post docs
*Knight, Ian, G. Rains, A. Culbreath, and M. Toews. Thrips counts and disease incidence in response to reflective particle films and conservation tillage in cotton and peanut cropping systems. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata (In press).

Marasigan, K., M. Toews, R. Kemerait, Jr., M.R. Abney, A. Culbreath, and R. Srinivasan. 2016. Evaluation of alternatives to carbamate and organophosphate insecticides against thrips and tomato spotted wilt virus in peanut production. J. Econ. Entomol. 109:544-557.

*Knight, I., G. Rains, A. Culbreath, and M.D. Toews. 2015. Conservation tillage and thiamethoxam seed treatments as tools to reduce thrips densities and disease in cotton and peanut. Crop Protection 76:92-99.

Pilkay, G.L., F.P.F. Reay-Jones, J.K. Greene, M.D. Toews, and W.C. Bridges. 2015. Spatial and temporal dynamics of stink bugs (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) in southeastern farmscapes. Journal of Insect Science 15:1-13.

Ni, X., J.P. Wilson, M.D. Toews, G.D. Buntin, X. Li, Z. Lei, K. He, W. Xu, X. Li, A. Huffaker, and E.A. Schmelz. 2014. Evaluation of spatial and temporal patterns of insect damage and aflatoxin level in the pre-harvest corn fields to improve management tactics. Insect Science 21:572-583.

Ni, Xinzhi, M.D. Toews, G.D. Buntin, J.E. Carpenter, A. Huffaker, E.A. Schmelz, T.E. Cottrell, and Z. Abdo. 2014. Influence of brown stink bug feeding, planting date and sampling time on common smut infection of maize. Insect Science 21:564-571.

*Pulakkatu-thodi, I., D. Reisig, J.K. Greene, F. Reay-Jones, and M.D. Toews. 2014. Within-field spatial distribution of stink bug induced boll injury in commercial cotton fields of the southeastern USA. Environmental Entomology 43:744-752.

Kamminga, K., D.A. Herbert, M.D. Toews, S. Malone, and T. Kuhar. 2014. Halyomorpha halys (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) feeding injury on cotton bolls. Journal of Cotton Science 18:68-74.

*Pulakkatu-thodi, I., D. Shurley, and M.D. Toews. 2014. Influence of planting date on stink bug injury, yield, fiber quality and economic returns in Georgia cotton. Journal of Economic Entomology 107:646-653.

Arthur, F.H., J.F. Campbell, and M.D. Toews. 2013. Distribution, abundance, and seasonal patterns of stored product beetles in a commercial food storage facility. Journal of Stored Products Research 56:21-32.

Stewart, S.D., D.S. Akin, J. Reed, A. Catchot, D. Cook, J. Gore, G.M. Lorenz, B.R. Leonard, A. Herbert, R.E. Jackson, M. Toews, P. Roberts, J. Bacheler, D. Reisig, J. Greene, D.L. Kerns, G. Studebaker, K. Tindall, and S. Micinski. 2013. Regional survey of thrips species composition across the upland cotton belt. Journal of Cotton Science 17:263-269.

Gardner, W.A., H.B. Peeler, J. LaForest, P.M. Roberts, A.N. Sparks, J.K. Greene, D. Reisig, D.R. Suiter, J.S. Bacheler, K. Kidd, C.H. Ray, X.P. Hu, R.C. Kemerait, E.A. Scocco, J.E. Eger, Jr., J.R. Ruberson, E.J. Sikora, D.A. Herbert, Jr., C. Campana, S. Halbert, S.S. Stewart, G.D. Buntin, M.D. Toews, and C.T. Bargeron. 2013. Confirmed distribution and occurrence of Megacopta cribraria (F.) (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Plataspidae) in the southeastern United States. J. Entomol. Sci. 42:118-127.

Mustafic, A., E.E. Roberts, M.D. Toews, and M.A. Haidekker. 2013. LED-induced fluorescence and image analysis to detect stink bug damage in cotton bolls. Journal of Biological Engineering 7:1-9.
Arthur, F.H., J.F. Campbell, E.A. Fontenot, and M.D. Toews. 2013. Assessing effects of esfenvalerate aerosol applications on resident populations of Tribolium castaneum (Herbst), the red flour beetle, through direct and indirect sampling. Journal of Stored Products Research 53:1-6.

Arthur, F.H., J.F. Campbell, and M.D. Toews. 2013. Distribution, abundance, and seasonal patterns of Plodia interpunctella (Hübner) in a commercial food storage facility. Journal of Stored Products Research 53:7-14.

Ruberson, J.R., Takasu, K., G.D. Buntin, J.E Eger, Jr., W.A. Gardner, J. Greene, T.M. Jenkins, W.A. Jones, D.M. Olson, P.M. Roberts, D.R. Suiter, and M.D. Toews. 2013. From Asian curiosity to eruptive American pest: Megacopta cribraria (Hemiptera: Plataspidae) and prospects for biological control. Applied Entomology and Zoology 48:3-13.

*Herbert, J.J., and M.D. Toews. 2012. Seasonal abundance and population structure of Chinavia hilaris and Nezara viridula (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) in Georgia farmscapes containing corn, cotton peanut and soybean. Annals of the Entomological Association of America 105:582-591.

*Huang, T-I., and M.D. Toews. 2012. Feeding preference and movement of Nezara viridula (L.) and Euschistus servus (Say) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) on individual cotton plants. Journal of Economic Entomology 105:847-853.

Edde, P.A., M.D. Toews, and T.W. Phillips. 2011. Effects of various semiochemicals on the responses of Rhyzopertha dominica (F.) to pheromone traps in the field. Annals of the Entomology Society of America 104:1297-1302.

Xia, J., A. Mustafic, M.D. Toews, and M.A. Haidekker. 2011. Stink bug feeding induces fluorescence in developing cotton bolls. Journal of Biological Engineering 5:11, available online http://www.jbioleng.org.content/5/1/11.

*Herbert, J.J, and M.D. Toews. 2011. Seasonal abundance and population structure of the brown stink bug in farmscapes containing corn, cotton, peanut and soybean. Annals of the Entomological Association of America 104:909-918.

Adedoyin, A., C. Li, and M.D. Toews. 2010. Characterization of single cotton fibers using a laser diffraction system. Textile Research Journal 81:355-367.

Toews, M.D., R.S. Tubbs, D.Q. Wann, and D. Sullivan. 2010. Thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) mitigation in seedling cotton using strip tillage and winter cover crops. Pest Management Science 66:1089-1095.

Toews, M.D., J.F. Campbell, and F.H. Arthur. 2010. The presence of flour affects the efficacy of aerosolized insecticides used to treat the red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum. Journal of Insect Science 10:196 available online: www.insectscience.org/10.196.

Reeves, R.B., J.K. Greene, F.P.F. Reay-Jones, M.D. Toews, and P.D. Gerard. 2010. Effects of adjacent habitat on populations of stink bugs (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) in cotton as part of a variable agricultural landscape in South Carolina. Environmental Entomology 39:1420-1427.

Reay-Jones, F.P.F., M.D. Toews, J.K. Greene, and R.B. Reeves. 2010. Spatial dynamics of stink bugs (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) and associated boll injury in southeastern cotton fields. Environmental Entomology 39:956-969.

Campbell, J.F., M.D. Toews, F.H. Arthur, and R.T. Arbogast. 2010. Long term monitoring of Tribolium castaneum in two flour mills: seasonal patterns and impact of fumigation. Journal of Economic Entomology 103:991-1001.

Campbell, J.F., M.D. Toews, F.H. Arthur, and R.T. Arbogast. 2010. Long term monitoring of Tribolium castaneum populations in two flour mills: rebound after fumigation. Journal of Economic Entomology 103:525-532.

Reay-Jones, F.P.F., M.D. Toews, J.K. Greene, and R.B. Reeves. 2010. Development of sampling plans for cotton bolls injured by stink bugs (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 103:252-532.

Reay-Jones, F.P.F., J.K. Greene, M.D. Toews, and R.B. Reeves. 2009. Sampling stink bugs (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) for population estimation and pest management in southeastern cotton production. Journal of Economic Entomology 102:2360-2370.

Nansen, C., P. Flinn, D. Hagstrum, M.D. Toews, and W.G. Meikle. 2009. Interspecific associations among stored grain beetles. Journal of Stored Products Research 45:254-260.

Toews, M.D., and W.D. Shurley. 2009. Crop juxtaposition affects cotton fiber quality in Georgia farmscapes. Journal of Economic Entomology 102:1515-1522.

Toews, M.D., E.L. Blinka, J.W. Van Duyn, D.A. Herbert Jr., J.S. Bacheler, P.M. Roberts, and J.K. Greene. 2009. Fidelity of external boll feeding lesions to internal damage for assessing stink bug damage in cotton. Journal of Economic Entomology 102:1344-1351.

Toews, M.D., F.H. Arthur, and J.F. Campbell. 2009. Monitoring flour beetles in pilot-scale warehouses treated with β-cyfluthrin: are residual insecticides and trapping compatible? Bulletin of Entomological Research. 99:121-129.

Jia, F., M.D. Toews, J.F. Campbell, and S.B. Ramaswamy. 2008. Survival and reproduction of the lesser grain borer, Rhyzopertha dominica (F.) (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae) on flora associated with native habitats in Kansas. Journal of Stored Products Research. 44:366-372.

Toews, M.D., J. Perez-Mendoza, J.E. Throne, F.E. Dowell, E.B. Maghirang, F.H. Arthur, and J.F. Campbell. 2007. Rapid assessment of insect fragments in flour milled from wheat infested with known densities of immature and adult Sitophilus oryzae (L.) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 100:1714-1723.

Subramanyam, Bh., M.D. Toews, K.E. Ileleji, D.E. Maier, G.D. Thompson, and T.J. Pitts. 2007. Evaluation of spinosad as a grain protectant on three Kansas farms. Crop Protection. 26:1021-1030.

Toews, M.D., J.F. Campbell, F.H. Arthur, and S.B. Ramaswamy. 2006. Outdoor flight activity and immigration of Rhyzopertha dominica into seed wheat warehouses. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 121:73-85.

Toews, M.D., J.F. Campbell, and F.H. Arthur. 2006. Temporal dynamics and response to fogging or fumigation of stored-product coleoptera in a grain processing facility. Journal of Stored Products Research. 42:480-498.

Toews, M.D., T.C. Pearson, and J.F. Campbell. 2006. Imaging and automated detection of Sitophilus oryzae L. (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) pupae in hard red winter wheat. Journal of Economic Entomology 99:583-592.

Toews, M.D., J.F. Campbell, F.H. Arthur, and M. West. 2005. Monitoring Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) in pilot- scale warehouses treated with residual applications of (S) hydroprene and cyfluthrin. Journal of Economic Entomology 98:1391-1398.

Edde, P.A., T.W. Phillips, and MD. Toews. 2005. Responses of Rhyzopertha dominica (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae) to its aggregation pheromones as influenced by trap design, trap height, and habitat. Environmental Entomology 34:1549-1557.

Toews, M.D., T.W. Phillips, and M.E. Payton. 2005. Estimating populations of grain beetles using probe traps in wheat-filled concrete silos. Environmental Entomology. 34:712-718.

Toews, M.D., F.H. Arthur, and J.F. Campbell. 2005. Role of food and structural complexity on capture of Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) in simulated warehouses. Environmental Entomology 34:164-169.

Huang, F., Bh. Subramanyam, and M.D. Toews. 2004. Susceptibility of laboratory and field strains of four stored-product insect species to spinosad. Journal of Economic Entomology 97:2154-2159.

Toews, M.D., and Bh. Subramanyam. 2004. Survival of stored-product insect natural enemies in spinosad-treated wheat. Journal of Economic Entomology 97:1174-1180.

Toews, M.D., Bh. Subramanyam, and J.M. Rowan. 2003. Knockdown and mortality of eight stored-product beetles exposed to four surfaces treated with spinosad. Journal of Economic Entomology 96:1967-1973.

Toews, M.D., and Bh. Subramanyam. 2003. Contribution of contact toxicity and wheat condition to mortality of stored-product insects exposed to spinosad. Pest Management Science 59:538-544.

Toews, M.D., T.W. Phillips, and D. Shuman. 2003. Electronic and manual monitoring of Cryptolestes ferrugineus (Stephens) (Coleoptera: Laemophloeidae) in stored wheat. Journal of Stored Products Research. 39:541-554.

Toews, M.D., and T.W. Phillips. 2002. Factors affecting capture of Cryptolestes ferrugineus (Coleoptera: Laemophloeidae) in traps placed in stored wheat. Journal of Economic Entomology 95:200-207.

Toews, M.D., T.W. Phillips, and G.W. Cuperus. 2001. Effects of wheat cultivar and temperature on suppression of Rhyzopertha dominica (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae) by the parasitoid Theocolax elegans (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae). Biological Control 21:120-127.

Toews, M.D., G.W. Cuperus, and T.W. Phillips. 2000. Susceptibility of eight U.S. wheat cultivars to infestation by Rhyzopertha dominica (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae). Environmental Entomology 29:250-255.

Patents

Haidekker, M. A., M. D. Toews, and J. Xia. 2013. Non-invasive methods and apparatus for detecting insect-induced damage in a plant. United States Patent and Trademark Office patent no. 8,384,046 (issued February 26, 2013).

Haidekker, M. A., M. D. Toews, and J. Xia. 2011. Non-invasive methods and apparatus for detecting insect-induced damage in a plant. Full patent application in the following countries: Brazil, India, China, Egypt, and Australia.

Competitive Grant Support (last 5 years)

Competitive Grant Funding ($14,048,236 lifetime, $13,032,360 at UGA, $11,079,517 since 2012) (UGA budget $3,660,200 lifetime, $2,004,874 since 2012).  Since 2012 only shown.

Walgenbach, J., E. Beers, K. Daane, L. Gut, T. Kuhar, T. Leskey, M. Toews, D. Crowder, K. Hoelmer, A. Nielsen, J. Harper, S. Young, A. Agnello, P. Jentsch, A. Hajek, A. Sial, R. Bessin, R. Villanueva, J. Obrycki, P. Shrewsbury, C. Hoods, J. Wilson, B. Hutchinson, B. Koch, C. Philips, D. Reisig, G. Kennedy, C. Welty, N. Wiman, V. Walton, R. Hilton, C. Kaiser, G. Krawczyk, G. Hamilton, M. Cooper, L. Godfrey, F. Zalom, M. Hoddle, D. Weber, J. Lee, D. Alston, L. Spears, and C. Bergh. Management of brown marmorated stink bug in US specialty crops. USDA NIFA SCRI. 9/1/2016 to 8/31/2021 ($9,164,909 total, $275,924 to UGA).

Toews, M.D., and P.R. Roberts. An investigation of cotton pathogens transmitted by stink bugs. Cotton Incorporated. 1/1/16 to 12/31/16 ($21,208).

Toews, M.D., and P.R. Roberts. Collaborative efforts to manage insect pests of cotton in the southeast. Cotton Incorporated. 1/1/2016 to 12/31/2016 ($16,777).

Toews, M.D., K. Flanders, N. Smith, and X. Ni. 2016. Research and economics of safe corn storage in the southeastern US. Alabama Wheat and Grain Feed Association. 1/1/16 to 12/31/16 ($19,397).

Toews, M.D., K. Flanders, N. Smith, and X. Ni. 2016. Research and economics of safe corn storage in the southeastern US. Georgia Corn Commission. 1/1/2016 to 12/31/2016 ($26,374).

Toews, M.D., P.R. Roberts, and W. Porter. Efficacy and practicality of chemigation for managing stink bugs (Yr. 2). Georgia Cotton Commission. 1/1/16 to 12/31/16 ($21,400).

Toews, M.D., and G. Tillman. Establishment of a brown marmorated working group in the southern US. Southern IPM Center. 3/1/16 to 2/28/17 ($10,000).

Ni, X., J.E. Knoll, M.D. Toews, and G.D. Buntin. Screenings of unique inbred lines and experimental hybrids for resistance to whorl-, ear- and kernel-feeding insects and aflatoxin accumulation. Georgia Agricultural Commodity Commission for Corn. 1/1/2016 to 12/31/2016 ($13,750).

Toews, M.D., J.H. LaForest, C.T. Bargeron, T.B. Brenneman, J.M. Schmidt, A.K. Culbreath, and D.G. Buntin. Design and implementation of qualitative data networks. USDA-NIFA Crop Protection and Pest Management. 9/1/2015 to 8/31/2018 ($174,306).

Tubbs, R.S., W.S. Monfort, M. Toews, T. Grey, P. Ji, A. Hagan, K.B. Balkcom, and K.S. Balkcom, Agronomic management and cropping systems research for peanut. National Peanut Board – Southeast Peanut Research Initiative. 1/1/2015 to 12/31/15 ($183,000).

Roberts, P., and M.D. Toews. Improving thrips management in Georgia cotton. Georgia Cotton Commission. 1/1/16 to 12/31/16 ($21,639).
Toews, M.D. and K.L. Flanders. Testing grain protectants for safe corn storage in the southeastern US. Alabama Wheat and Grain Feed Association. 1/1/15 to 12/31/15 ($19,740).

Brown, L., S. Naranjo, M. Toews, and G. Frisvold. Brown stink bug management in an established cotton IPM program: a benefit-cost analysis. Western IPM Center. 3/1/15 to 2/29/2016 ($29,659 total, $0 to UGA).

Toews, M.D., and P. Roberts. 2015. Southeast regional cotton thrips working group proposal. Cotton Incorporated. 1/1/15 to 12/31/15 ($16,687).

Toews, M.D., N. Smith, and X. Ni. Research and economics of safe corn storage in the southeastern US. Georgia Agricultural Commodity Commission for Corn. 1/1/2015 to 12/31/2015 ($24,080).

Toews, M.D., P.M. Roberts, and W. Porter. Efficacy and practicality of chemigation for managing stink bugs. Georgia Cotton Commission. 1/1/15 to 12/31/15 ($21,400).

Tubbs, R.S., M. Toews, T. Grey, P. Ji, N. Smith, A. Hagan, and K.B. Balkcom. Cropping systems and agronomic management research for peanut. National Peanut Board-Southeastern Peanut Research Initiative. 7/1/2014 to 6/30/2015 ($145,740 total, $120,000 to UGA).

Toews, M.D., and K.L. Flanders. Testing grain protectants for safe corn storage in the southeastern US. Alabama Wheat and Feed Grain Association. 1/1/14 to 12/31/2015 ($22,290.)

Reisig, D., F.P.F. Reay-Jones, P. Moore, and M.D. Toews. Dispersal and life history of Megacopta cribraria from kudzu and implications for management in soybean. USDA NIFA S-RIPM. 1/1/14 to 12/31/16 ($168,644 total, $82,383 to UGA).

Toews, M.D., P.M. Roberts, D.D. Reisig, F.P.F. Reay-Jones, and J.K. Greene. Threshold verification and investigation of border sprays for managing the invasive Megacopta cribraria in commercial soybean production. USDA NIFA PMAP. 3/1/14 to 2/29/16 ($199,876).

Tubbs, R.S., M. Toews, T. Grey, P. Ji, N. Smith, and A. Hagan. Cropping systems research for peanut. National Peanut Board. 1/1/2013 to 12/31/2013 ($80,740).

Tubbs, R.S., M. Toews, G. Harris, G. Collins, W. Shurley, and A. Smith. Fertilization and cover crop interactions for strip-till cotton production. Georgia Cotton Commission. 1/1/2013 to 12/31/2013 ($10,000).

Tubbs, R.S., M.D. Toews, T. Grey, P. Ji, N. Smith, and A. Hagan. Cropping systems, organic production and rotation research for peanut. Georgia Peanut Commission. 3/10/2012 to 6/30/2013 ($77,603).

Srinivasan, R., A. Culbreath, S. Tubbs, M. Toews, and R. Kemerait. Alternatives to Temik and Thimet, integration of their usage with current peanut production practices, and evaluation of cotton as a thrips and TSWV reservoir. National Peanut Board. 1/1/2013 to 12/31/2013 ($40,000).

Roberts, P.M., W. Gardner, D. Buntin, J. All, and M.D. Toews. Management of kudzu bugs on soybean in Georgia. 1/1/2012 to 12/31/2013 ($20,000).

Toews, M.D., and P.M. Roberts. SE Regional cotton thrips working group proposal. Cotton Incorporated. 1/1/2013 to 12/31/2013 ($16,000).

Toews, M.D., X. Ni, and G.D. Buntin. Aflatoxin mitigation with Bt cultivars and In-field identity preserve (yr. 2). Georgia Corn Commission. 1/1/2013 to 12/31/2013 ($29,892).

Greene, J.K., F.P.F. Reay-Jones, P. Roberts, G.D. Buntin, W.A. Gardner, M.D. Toews, D. Reisig, and J.S. Bacheler. Management of the kudzu bug/bean plataspid, Megacopta cribraria (Hemiptera: Plataspidae), in soybeans in the southeastern USA. United Soybean Board. 4/1/13 to 3/31/14 ($143,906 total; $94,464 to UGA).

Toews, M.D., and P.M. Roberts. Managing seedling plant stresses in a modern production environment. Georgia Cotton Commission. 1/1/2012 to 12/31/2012 ($12,000).

Toews, M.D. Foreign travel assistance to Daegu, South Korea. University of Georgia, Office of the Vice President for Research, Faculty Research Grants Program. 5/13/2012 ($1763).

Balkcom, K., R.S. Tubbs, K. Balkcom, A. Hagan, G. Harris, J. Howe, N. Smith, B. Srinivansan, and M. Toews. 2012. Fertilization, tillage, and phorate interaction on thrips and TSWV incidence in early planted peanuts. National Peanut Board Southeastern Peanut Research Initiative. 1/1/2012 to 12/31/2012 ($26,200 total, $15,000 to UGA).

Srinivasan, R., A. Culbreath, R.S. Tubbs, M. Toews, Al. Culbreath, and B. Kemerait. 2012. Alternatives to Temik and Thimet, integration of their usage with current peanut production practices, and evaluation of cotton as a thrips and TSWV reservoir. National Peanut Board. 3/10/12 to 6/30/13 ($33,000).

Toews, M.D., X. Ni, and G.D. Buntin. 2012. Aflatoxin mitigation with Bt cultivars and In-field identity preserve. Georgia Corn Commission. 1/1/12 to 12/31/12 ($29,000).

Greene, J.K., F.P.F. Reay-Jones, P. Roberts, G.D. Buntin, W.A. Gardner, M.D. Toews, D. Reisig, and J.S. Bacheler. 2012. Management of the kudzu bug/bean plataspid, Megacopta cribraria (Hemiptera: Plataspidae), in soybeans in the southeastern USA. United Soybean Board. 4/1/12 to 3/31/13 ($143,906).

Toews, M.D., R.S. Tubbs, G.H. Harris, R. Srinivasan, and P.M. Roberts. 2012. Managing early season thrips in seedling cotton using a seed treatment, starter fertilizer, and foliar insecticides. Cotton Incorporated. 1/1/12 to 12/31/12 ($68,486 total, $18,486 to UGA).

Tubbs, R.S., M.D. Toews, G.H. Harris, G.D. Collins, W.D. Shurley and A.R. Smith. 2012. Fertilization and cover crop interactions for strip-till cotton production. Georgia Cotton Commission. 1/1/2012 to 12/31/2012 ($10,000).

Toews, M.D. 2012. Improved insecticide selection and foliar timing for mitigating thrips in seedling cotton. Georgia Cotton Commission. 1/1/2012 to 12/31/2012 ($16,145).



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